GM Futurama brochure / New York World's Fair / 1939
GM’s Futurama at the Fair was probably the most spectacular pavilion. Albert Kahn was the architect with the design by Norman Bel Geddes and it took the hundreds of thousands who stepped inside on a journey into the future: to 1960. They sat in moving chairs (552 in all) with small speakers to hear the commentary, on a continuous track and moved forward for a third of a mile looking down on the landscape of tomorrow. They all received a pin and the brochure below.
The pavilion was actually made up of four buildings and was large enough to have a real intersection filled with GM cars and trucks which the visitors looked down on from a first floor walkway. The moving tour was called Highways and Horizons and the Fair guide book said: ‘Covering an area of 35,738 square feet, the ‘futurama’ is the largest and most realistic scale-model ever constructed. As visitors in the moving chairs tour this ‘futurama’ they experience the sensation of traveling hundreds of miles and viewing the scenes from a low-flying airplane. As they travel on several levels of the building in their magic chairs, they view a continuous animated panorama of towns and cities, rivers and lakes, country and farm areas, industrial plants in operation, country clubs, forests, valleys and snow-capped mountains. The ‘futurama’ contains approximately 500,000 individually designed houses; more than a million trees of eighteen species; and 50,000scale-model automobiles, of which 10,000 are in actual operation over super-highways, speed lanes and multi-decked bridges’.
Photos of the huge Futurama were extensively used in Bel Geddes 1940 book Magicmotorways. He originally thought of creating the City of Tomorrow in 1937 for a Shell Oil ad campaign. I've added some pages from the book which show the Futurama model.